THE SCIENCE BEHIND HOW IT WORKS

For those of you that want a better understanding of exactly how the treatments work, here you will find everything you need to know.

To find out if these treatments would work for you book in for a Free Consultation, or alternatively get started now with our 360 Optimum Hair Home Treatment option.

 

Follicle miniturisation diagram

The Science behind: How the Hair Grows:

The Hair Growth Cycle consists of 3 phases: Anagen, Catagen and Telogen.

Anagen is the Growing Phase and in this phase the hair is full of life, it’s growth is constant, and the root fills the hair follicle all the way to the base.

Hair cells are produced in the Dermal Matrix; the production of ATP energy causes an active cell to divide, therefore producing the hair cells. The hair cells gradually work their way up in to the Inner Root Sheath and out of the hair follicle to become new hairs.

The average length of time that each follicle will stay in the Anagen Phase is 3 to 6 years, depending on an individual’s genetics.

Catagen is known as the Resting Phase as the hair stops growing. Approximately 3% of the hairs on your scalp are in this phase at any time. Catagen lasts for 1 – 2 weeks.

Telogen is the Shedding Phase. At this point the hair detaches from the hair follicle and the follicle shrinks. However, the hair may not shed until the root of the hair replacing it is strong enough to remove it.

The Telogen Phase usually lasts 5 – 6 weeks and it can be normal to shed 40 – 150 hairs per day. This is not considered Hair Loss.

The Science behind: How DHT causes Hair Loss:

DHT is an active metabolite of the hormone Testosterone. It travels through our blood stream and attaches itself to the base of the hair follicle on the androgen receptors. Androgen receptors pass food and oxygen to the hair follicle.

When DHT is attached, the follicle cannot get the nutrition and oxygen it needs to grow or survive.

In time the follicle begins to shrink in size. The hair growing from the follicle becomes thinner, until eventually the thin weakened hair will shed. Eventually the follicle fails to produce a new hair and the follicle becomes inactive.

The Science behind: 360 OPTIMUM HAIR & How our active ingredients work:

CAPILIA LONGA:

This Plant Stem Cell Technology derived from Turmeric, is anti inflammatory, moisturising & increases circulation to the scalp. This fantastic ingredient produces an epigenetic reset of the hair bulb, stimulating activity of the dermal papilla cells. This effect keeps the hair follicle in the Anagen Phase for  longer, & reduces the Telogen phase of the Hair Growth Cycle.

Capilia Longa has been proven to reduce Hair Loss by 89% & increase hair density by 52%

CAFFEINE:

Caffeine increases circulation to the scalp which promotes healthy hair follicles. It encourages the hair follicle to produce more ATP energy, which in turn produces more hair cells at a  faster rate.

Caffeine also targets the male hormone DHT within the scalp, which is the main cause of Male & Female Pattern Baldness, also known as Androgenic Alopecia.

BIOTIN:

Biotin is an important B vitamin that plays a crucial role in the hair growth process, skin health, & nail health. It also affects the metabolism of oil in the scalp.

Using biotin topically strengthens the hair follicle, allowing the hair to grow longer & helping each strand to reach the end of each hair growth cycle. It revitalises the hair & scalp, & improves the appearance of damaged hair.

CREATINE:

Creatine is a naturally occurring derivative of the amino acids: glycine and arginine, which are found in our muscles.

We get our nutritional supply of creatine from eating meat or taking supplements. When creatine is applied to the hair & scalp it smooths the hair cuticle to strengthen the bonds, which then protects the other layers of the hair shaft. This helps to prevent breakage.

WHEAT PROTEIN:

Wheat protein is derived from wheat germ, such as gluten or glutamine. When applied topically it can pass through the hair cuticle. It hydrates & strengthens the hair by locking in moisture. The combination of hydration & strengthening results in the hair becoming more flexible, & less prone to breakage, resulting in longer growing hair.

PRO-VITAMIN B5:

Pro-vitamin B5 is also known as Panthenol. It penetrates the lower skin layers, is absorbed into the cells, & then transforms into pantothenic acid.

Because Panthenol is absorbed deeply into the skin & scalp, it has the capability to infuse a huge dose of moisture. It is one of the few vitamins that’s able to penetrate the hair enough to reach the cortex (the middle layer of the hair shaft) as well as the scalp.

VITAMINS B3 & B6:

Vitamin B3, also known as Niacin, has been shown to reduce inflammatory & dry scalp disorders therefore improving dandruff & itching. When applied topically to the hair & scalp it significantly improves the look & feel of the hair as it increases the synthesis of keratin.

Vitamin B6 has the ability to regulate sebum production to balance oily scalps, & it has also been shown to enhance natural hair colour by increasing melanin, which is the hair’s natural pigment.

VITAMIN E:

Vitamin E is an antioxidant which means it reduces oxidative stress in the scalp. It also increases blood circulation to the scalp & these benefits combined result in an increase in overall hair growth.

Due to it’s moisturising properties Vitamin E also hydrates & rejuvenates the hair & scalp. Boosting shine & helping to prevent hair breakage. The result of this is smoother, longer growing hair.

ORGANIC VOLUMISING COMPLEX:

WHITE NETTLE flower provides Flavonoids, Tannins and Saponosides for scalp invigoration.

GINSENG root provides amino acids & B vitamins which fortifies, revitalises and stimulates the scalp.

HONEY LOCUST seed provides Flavonoids, Tannins & Mucilage for volumising action & added hair strength.

 

The Science behind: How Low Level Laser Therapy works:

Low Level Laser Therapy (LLLT) is also known as Photobiomodulation or Photobiostimulation and is used to stimulate and enhance cell function. The specific wave length approved for stimulating Hair Growth is 630nm-670nm because it has the ability to be absorbed by the molecules of the hair follicle, and can therefore penetrate the scalp to stimulate the epidermal stem cells to regenerate the hair follicles.

The increase in blood flow to the area promotes the delivery of oxygen and nutrients to the hair follicles. LLLT has an effect on the metabolic process, specifically the mitochondria. It stimulates the production of Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP) by opening the cytochrome c oxidase pathway. The function of ATP is to transport chemical energy within cells for metabolism.

An increase in ATP energy activates cellular factors including cytokines and growth factors resulting in the follicle staying in the Anagen ‘Growing’ Phase for longer. Refer to ‘The Science behind: How the Hair Grows’ to understand this further.

Low Level Laser Therapy is the only non-medication treatment approved by the FDA and has no adverse side effects. Due to the type of Laser diodes used there is no burning, cutting or pain. These types of devices are referred to as ‘cool’ lasers for this reason.

The Science behind: How Minoxidil works:

Minoxidil is a vasodilator medication and its effect on Hair Loss was discovered during clinical trials for high blood pressure treatment. When taken orally in pill form it dilates arteries in the body causing blood flow to decrease. It was noted to, particularly in Women, cause hypertrichosis (excessive hair growth) and the manufacturers went on to develop a topical formulation to be applied to the scalp without causing arteries throughout the body to dilate as with the oral medication. The topical form of Minoxidil was then given FDA approval to treat Hair Loss.

Minoxidil increases blood flow, oxygen and nutrients to the follicle, and is thought to widen the hair follicle, and promote the Anagen ‘Growing’ Phase.

Refer to ‘The Science behind: How the Hair Grows’ to understand this further.

Regaine is the only over the counter brand of Minoxidil that is licensed to be retailed in the UK. It contains a 2% or 5% strength of Minoxidil. 360 Hair Clinic can offer private prescriptions of 6% or 12.5% strength Minoxidil for those that are deemed medically suitable.